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Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Pollution
POLLUTANT

SOURCE

HEALTH EFFECTS

Asbestos

Building materials,
including insulation and
acoustical ceilings
Lung diseases, including lung
cancer.


Formaldehyde

Foam insulation inside
walls, particle board,
plywood.
Respiratory tract irritation, cancer.

Radon

Comes from the earth
through cracks in the
foundation and from well water.
Lung cancer.

Carbon monoxide

Gas appliances, fireplaces,
wood stoves, tobacco
smoke.
Blocks oxygen from the body, progressively causing fatigue,
headaches, confusion, nausea,
dizziness and death


Nitrogen dioxide

Gas appliances, fireplaces,
wood stoves.
Eye and respiratory tract irritation and infection; long-term exposure causes bronchitis.

Biological agents,
such as mold,
mildew and fungus

Improperly maintained
air ducts, air conditioners,humidifiers, dehumidifiers,
air filters and carpets.
Diseases characterized by watery eyes, sneezing, lethargy, rashes coughing, and breathing and digestive problems.

Organic compounds, such as ammonia benzene, chlorine and acetone

Cleaners, waxes, paint,pesticides,adhesives,
insulation, plywood,
furniture, chlorine,
mothballs, dry-cleaned
items and automobiles.
Respiratory tract and eye irritation.
Many of the substances cause cancer.


Lead

Paint and automobile
exhaust.
Attacks the nervous system and
the brain.


Aromatic
hydrocarbons

Adhesives, pesticides,
paints, cleaners, waxes,
heaters, tobacco,
automobile exhaust.
Respiratory tract irritation and cancer.






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